American Bloodhound Club recommended health tests and Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) Requirements
1) Hip Dysplasia - OFA Evaluation
2) Elbow Dysplasia - OFA Evaluation
3) Cardiac - OFA Evaluation - Specialist or Cardiologist exam is recommended and preferred.
In an OFA cardiac number, the examiner is shown as: P-Practitioner, S-Specialist, or C-Cardiologist. An ECHO suffix indicates the exam included echocardiography
4) Eye Examination by a boarded ACVO Ophthalmologist (Optional)
Results registered with OFA or CERF
5) Patellar Luxation (Optional) OFA Evaluation
6) Hip Dysplasia (Optional) PennHip Evaluation
7) Degenerative Myelopathy (Optional) OFA/University of Missouri DNA Test
Statistics on the Bloodhound Breed from the OFA website - Less than 50% tested "normal" (clear) for DM; over 1/4 of hips abnormal; and almost 1/5 of thyroids equivocal.
Can be found by going to OFA website (www.offa.org), Education, Disease Statistics, Search for Statistics, Search by Breed--Bloodhound.
The following links provide health information and resources on hereditary disorders, health clearances for Bloodhounds, and current research on genetic disorders.
Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA)
The Mission of the OFA: To promote the health and welfare of companion animals through a reduction in the incidence of genetic disease
The OFA is guided by the following four specific objectives:
- To collate and disseminate information concerning orthopedic and genetic diseases of animals.
- To advise, encourage and establish control programs to lower the incidence of orthopedic and genetic diseases.
- To encourage and finance research in orthopedic and genetic disease in animals.
- To receive funds and make grants to carry out these objectives.
The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) is the primary organization that issues and tracks health clearances. OFA offers the following resources:
The main website: http://www.offa.org
To search Bloodhound health clearances, including clearances of parents, siblings, and offspring: http://www.offa.org (search section on left side of page)
Information on the DNA Repository: http://www.offa.org/chicdnabank.html
This Repository is a bank of canine DNA samples for researchers. Increasing the number of Bloodhound samples stored in the Repository will increase the number of research projects investigating genetic disorders in Bloodhounds. The use of samples is strictly confidential.
To access the Bloodhound Health Survey: http://www.offa.org/surveys/survey_bloodhound.html
Canine Health Information Center (CHIC)
The American Bloodhound Club has selected appropriate health clearances for Bloodhounds. Information on required and recommended CHIC clearances is available on the Canine Health Information Center.
The CHIC program offers benefits to breeders, buyers, parent clubs, and researchers.
- For breeders, CHIC provides a reliable source of information regarding dogs they may use in their breeding programs. Using CHIC, breeders can analyze the pedigrees of a proposed breeding for health strengths and weaknesses as well the traditional analysis of conformation, type, and performance strengths and weaknesses.
- For buyers, the CHIC program provides accurate information about the results of a breeder's health testing. For diseases that are limited to phenotypic evaluations, there are no guarantees. However, the probability that an animal will develop an inherited disease is reduced when its ancestry has been tested normal. Further, as more DNA tests become available and the results are entered into CHIC, the CHIC database will be able to establish whether progeny will be clear, carriers, or affected.
- For parent clubs considering establishment of health databases on their own, CHIC provides the answer with no upfront investment required by the club. The CHIC infrastructure is supplied and maintained by the OFA. The data is maintained in a secure environment by trained staff. The services are not subject to the time, technology, and resource constraints that parent clubs might face on their own. This frees parent clubs to focus on their core strengths of identifying health concerns, educating their membership, and encouraging participation in the CHIC program.
- For researchers, CHIC provides confidential and accurate aggregate information on multiple generations of dogs. CHIC information will also be useful for epidemiological studies enhancing our knowledge of health issues affecting all breeds of dogs.
For everyone interested in canine health issues, CHIC is a tool to monitor disease prevalence and measure progress.
Access CHIC: http://www.caninehealthinfo.org
To access the Bloodhound health clearance information and a list of Bloodhounds with CHIC numbers: http://www.caninehealthinfo.org/brdreqs.html?breed=BL
Canine Health Foundation
The mission of the American Kennel Club Canine Health Foundation, Inc. (CHF) is to advance the health of all dogs and their owners by funding sound scientific research and supporting the dissemination of health information to prevent, treat, and cure canine disease. The Foundation has established a series of goals as well as a strategy for achieving these goals.
The American Bloodhound Club has donated funds to many research projects impacting Bloodhound health. For more information about scientific research on canine diseases: http://www.akcchf.org/research/